Purdue School of Engineering and Technology

Purdue School of Engineering and Technology

Thermal-Fluid Systems Design

ME 41400 / 3 Cr. (3 Class)

Application of basic heat transfer and fluid flow concepts to design of the thermal-fluid systems. Emphasis on design theory and methodology. Design experience in thermal-fluid areas such as piping systems, heat exchangers, HVAC, and energy systems. Design projects are selected from industrial applications and conducted by teams.


Magrab, "Engineers Guide To Matlab" 2Prentice Hall. Kakac, "Heat Exchanges Selection", Second Edition, Prentice Hall


This course aims at providing the students with design experience in the thermal-fluid area through real life design problems. Various aspects of thermal-fluid design, including the design methodology for various components, team-work and industrial applications are emphasized.


After completion of this course, the students should be able to:

  1. Develop a sound understanding of thermal-fluid systems engineering design. [a, c]
  2. Formulate, analyze and design thermal-fluid systems. [a, c]
  3. Apply computer aided engineering principles to thermal design. [a, c, k]
  4. Apply optimization principles in design. [c]
  5. Design various piping fluid systems. [c]
  6. Design various heat transfer thermal systems. [c]

Note: The letters within the brackets indicate the general program outcomes of mechanical engineering. See: ME Program Outcomes.

  1. Introduction (4 lectures)
    1. Computer Aided Engineering
    2. Design Optimization
    3. Matlab Programming
      • Optimization Module
    4. One Dimensional System Flow Analysis
      • General applications
      • AFT Fathom Software
  2. Piping System Design (8 Lectures)
    1. Fluid Mechanics Review
    2. Pipe and Tubing Standards
    3. Hydraulic Resistance – Wall Friction
    4. Hydraulic Resistance – Minor Losses
    5. System Behavior & Flow Networks
    6. Pump Types & Applications
  3. Heat Exchanger Design (11 Lectures)
    1. Heat Transfer Review
    2. Extended Surface Heat Transfer
      • Longitudinal Fins
      • Spines
      • Fin Performance
    3. Heat Exchanger Types
    4. Basic Design Method of Heat Exchangers
      • Effectiveness – NTU Analysis
      • Log Mean Temperature Method
    5. Forced Convection Correlations for Heat Exchangers
    6. Heat Exchanger Pressure Drop and Pumping Power
    7. Fouling of Heat Exchangers
    8. Double Pipe Heat Exchangers
    9. Shell & Tube Heat Exchangers
    10. Compact Heat Exchangers
    11. Plate & Shell Heat Exchangers
  4. Design Project Review Sessions (7 Lectures)
    1. System Flow Analysis
    2. Heat Exchanger Design
    3. Fin Design & Optimization